5.2.3-2 Does a research group fall under professional use?


Yes, a research group can fall under professional use. It is decisive that the research institution is an institution within the meaning of Art. 19 para. 1(c) CopA. It is irrelevant whether it is a commercial business or a university, or another educational institution.

When the research group falls under professional use, the members may make copies (printed and digital) and distribute them to other members.