No, perception of a work only means that a natural person (human being) is taking notice of a work (in this case reading a work), not a computer.
The writer is the author. This person created the work.
No, the copyright can only originate with the student.
‘Perception of a work’ simply means to take notice of a work, i.e. reading, looking at, listening to a work, etc. (Hilty, Urheberrecht, 2011, 128). This is always permitted.
Logically, copyright does not only address the author. Several parties have an interest in a created work: The author creates the work and possibly also wants to be paid for their work;Agents who are known as mediators of copyrighted work help authors to make their...