For example, as defined in disputes, French case law has retained the operative factor criteria, i.e. the place the work was published online (Cass., Civ. 1, 30 January 2007, no.03-12354), the place where the damage took place (TGI Paris, chapter 3, section 2, 18/12/2009, ed. Seuil et al. / Google Inc. and France), or even the place where the website is received (Cass., Com. 10 July 2007, no.05-18571).